One of the great protagonists of the 19th century navy.
In Italy, talking about sailing vessels in the 19th century, means above all talking about brigantines. It is a particular type of ship, which takes its name from a specific lug sail attached to the mizzen mast, the “bergantina”. It appears during the second half of the 19th century and it emerges from the Napoleonic wars as a solid, fast, maneuverable vessel, but also able to carry a considerable cargo.
The sail is the great technical secret of the brigantine. It is a solid ship which can be maneuvered just by a few men: crews that count about fifteen men at the most in the greatest instances, i.e. the barques; a dozen in the real brigantines which are the two-masted brigantines, and between eight and ten in the schooner or “scune”, as it is called in Genoese dialect.